Afferent and Efferent Fibres of CNS
What is Afferent?
Afferent fibers of the central nervous system (CNS) refer to the nerve fibers that transmit sensory information from the periphery to the CNS. These fibers carry signals from sensory organs, such as the skin, muscles, and internal organs, to the brain and spinal cord.
Examples of Afferent
- The optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eyes to the brain.
- The auditory nerve, which transmits auditory signals from the ear to the brain.
- The sensory nerve fibers in the skin, which convey the sense of touch, temperature, and pain.
Uses of Afferent
Afferent fibers are crucial for our perception of the external environment and our ability to respond to sensory stimuli. They allow us to see, hear, touch, and feel sensations from the world around us.
What is Efferent Fibers of CNS?
Efferent fibers of the CNS are the nerve fibers that transmit motor commands from the CNS to the muscles, glands, and other organs. They carry signals from the brain and spinal cord to the target tissues, enabling voluntary and involuntary muscle contractions, as well as regulating various bodily functions.
Examples of Efferent Fibers of CNS
- The motor fibers that control skeletal muscles, enabling voluntary movements.
- The autonomic nerve fibers that regulate activities of internal organs, such as the heart, intestines, and glands.
- The efferent fibers carrying commands to the smooth muscles of the blood vessels, controlling blood pressure.
|Difference Area||Afferent Fibers of CNS||Efferent Fibers of CNS|
|Sensory Information||Transmit sensory information from the periphery to the CNS.||Transmit motor commands from the CNS to target organs.|
|Direction||Carry signals towards the CNS.||Carry signals away from the CNS.|
|Examples||Optic nerve, auditory nerve, sensory nerve fibers in the skin.||Motor fibers controlling skeletal muscles, autonomic nerve fibers, efferent fibers controlling smooth muscles.|
|Function||Perception of the external environment and response to sensory stimuli.||Enable voluntary and involuntary muscle contractions, and regulate bodily functions.|
|Voluntary Control||Not under conscious control.||Under conscious control.|
|Target Tissues||Brain and spinal cord.||Muscles, glands, and other organs.|
|Types||Somatic afferent fibers and visceral afferent fibers.||Somatic efferent fibers and visceral efferent fibers.|
|Neurotransmitters||Primarily glutamate and substance P.||Primarily acetylcholine and norepinephrine.|
|Control of Blood Pressure||Do not directly control blood pressure.||Carries commands to smooth muscles of blood vessels to regulate blood pressure.|
|Regulation of Internal Organs||Not involved in the direct regulation of internal organs.||Regulate the activities of internal organs.|
In summary, afferent fibers transmit sensory information from the periphery to the CNS, enabling perception and response to sensory stimuli. On the other hand, efferent fibers carry motor commands from the CNS to muscles, glands, and organs, allowing for voluntary movements and regulation of bodily functions.
- True or False: Afferent fibers transmit motor commands from the CNS to target organs.
- Which type of fibers are involved in the regulation of internal organs?
- What is the primary function of afferent fibers?
- Give an example of an afferent fiber.
- Efferent fibers of CNS carry signals in which direction?
- What neurotransmitters are primarily involved in efferent fibers?
- Are afferent fibers under conscious control?
- What do efferent fibers control in blood vessels?
- What are the two types of efferent fibers?
- What is the function of afferent fibers?
Answer: Efferent fibers of CNS.
Answer: Transmit sensory information from the periphery to the CNS.
Answer: Optic nerve.
Answer: Away from the CNS.
Answer: Acetylcholine and norepinephrine.
Answer: They carry commands to smooth muscles of blood vessels to regulate blood pressure.
Answer: Somatic efferent fibers and visceral efferent fibers.
Answer: Allow perception of the external environment and response to sensory stimuli.
- Difference between Somatic and Visceral Afferent Fibers
- Difference between Somatic and Visceral Efferent Fibers
- Difference between Afferent and Efferent Pathways
- Difference between Sensory and Motor Nerves