10 Differences Between border collie and australian shepherd

The Difference Between Border Collies and Australian Shepherds

Are you considering getting a dog but can’t decide between a Border Collie and an Australian Shepherd? Both breeds are intelligent, energetic, and popular choices among dog enthusiasts. In this article, we will explore the unique characteristics, uses, and differences between these two remarkable breeds to help you make an informed decision.

What is a Border Collie?

The Border Collie is a medium-sized herding dog that originated in the border regions between Scotland and England. They are known for their exceptional intelligence, work ethic, and versatility. With their keen herding instincts, they are often employed as working dogs on farms, especially for herding livestock such as sheep.

Examples of Border Collies:

  • Lassie, the famous fictional Border Collie in movies and TV shows.
  • Rico, a Border Collie with remarkable vocabulary and communication skills.
  • Purdey, a Border Collie who holds the Guinness World Record for the most tricks performed in one minute (49 tricks).

Uses of Border Collies:

Border Collies excel in various areas due to their intelligence, agility, and trainability. They have proven themselves as exceptional working dogs in herding, obedience, agility, and even search and rescue operations. Additionally, their affectionate nature and loyalty make them excellent family pets for active households.

What is an Australian Shepherd?

The Australian Shepherd, despite its name, was developed in the United States. They are a medium-sized herding breed with a strong work ethic and an eagerness to please. Initially bred for herding livestock, they have also gained popularity as versatile companions and competitors in dog sports.

Examples of Australian Shepherds:

  • Blaze, an Australian Shepherd who won the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2019.
  • Tucker, an Australian Shepherd known for his agility and viral videos showcasing his tricks.
  • Koda, an Australian Shepherd featured in the movie “The 12 Dogs of Christmas.”

Uses of Australian Shepherds:

Australian Shepherds are highly versatile dogs that excel in herding, obedience, agility, flyball, and other dog sports. Their intelligence, energy, and athleticism make them well-suited for active households. Additionally, they can be loving family pets if provided with proper exercise and mental stimulation.

Differences Table:

Difference Area Border Collie Australian Shepherd
Origin Scotland/England border United States
Physical Appearance More streamlined body, narrower face Sturdier build, broader face
Coat Medium to long length, often black and white Medium to long length, various color combinations
Size Medium-sized Medium-sized
Temperament Intelligent, energetic, intense Intelligent, energetic, adaptable
Herding Style Eye contact, crouching, stalking Looser eye, upright stance
Trainability Highly trainable, responsive to commands Highly trainable, eager to please
Breed Popularity World’s most popular herding dog breed Popular versatile working and companion breed
Exercise Needs High exercise requirements High exercise requirements
Noise Sensitivity May be sensitive to loud noises May be sensitive to loud noises


In summary, while both Border Collies and Australian Shepherds share certain traits such as intelligence, energy, and versatility, they also have distinct differences in origin, physical appearance, herding style, and temperament. Understanding these differences will help you choose the breed that best fits your lifestyle, preferences, and needs.

People Also Ask:

Q: Which breed is more suitable for families with children?

A: Both Border Collies and Australian Shepherds can be great companions for families with children. However, due to their herding instincts, they may try to nip at the heels of running children. Proper socialization and training are essential to ensure a harmonious relationship.

Q: Are Border Collies and Australian Shepherds hypoallergenic?

A: No, neither breed is considered hypoallergenic. They both have double coats that shed and may trigger allergies in sensitive individuals. Regular grooming and cleaning can help mitigate this issue to some extent.

Q: Can Border Collies and Australian Shepherds live in apartments?

A: Both breeds are highly active and require ample exercise and mental stimulation. While it is possible for them to live in apartments, it may not be an ideal environment due to space constraints. These breeds thrive in homes with access to a securely fenced yard or in rural areas where they can engage in various activities.

Q: How often do Border Collies and Australian Shepherds need grooming?

A: Both breeds have medium to long coats that require regular brushing to prevent matting and remove loose hair. They shed moderately throughout the year and heavily during seasonal changes. Expect to groom them at least once or twice a week, and more frequently during shedding seasons.

Q: Are Border Collies and Australian Shepherds prone to any health issues?

A: Border Collies are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain hereditary conditions such as hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and Collie eye anomaly. Australian Shepherds are also susceptible to certain health issues including hip dysplasia, various eye disorders, and epilepsy. Regular vet check-ups and responsible breeding practices can help minimize the risks.

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