10 Differences Between cake flour and all-purpose flour

The Difference Between Cake Flour and All-Purpose Flour

What is Cake Flour?

Cake flour is a finely milled, delicate flour that is made from soft wheat. It has a lower protein content compared to all-purpose flour, which gives cakes a lighter and fluffier texture. Since it is lighter, it is ideal for recipes that require a tender crumb such as cakes, cookies, and pastries.

Examples of Cake Flour

Some popular brands of cake flour are Swans Down, Softasilk, and Bob’s Red Mill Cake Flour.

Uses of Cake Flour

– Cake Flour is commonly used in cake recipes to achieve a soft and tender texture.

– It is also used in pastries, cookies, and muffins to create a delicate crumb.

– Some recipes for pancakes and waffles also call for cake flour to produce a lighter final product.

What is All-Purpose Flour?

All-purpose flour, as the name suggests, is a versatile flour that can be used for a wide range of recipes. It is made from a blend of hard and soft wheat, which gives it a moderate protein content compared to other flours. It is the most commonly used flour in home baking and cooking.

Examples of All-Purpose Flour

Popular brands of all-purpose flour include King Arthur Flour, Pillsbury, and Gold Medal All-Purpose Flour.

Uses of All-Purpose Flour

– All-purpose flour is suitable for a variety of baked goods such as bread, cakes, cookies, and pastries.

– It can also be used as a thickener for sauces, gravies, and soups.

– All-purpose flour is often used as the base for homemade pasta dough.

– It can be used for breading meat or vegetables before frying or baking.

Differences Between Cake Flour and All-Purpose Flour

Difference Area Cake Flour All-Purpose Flour
Protein Content Lower protein content (around 8-9%) Higher protein content (around 10-12%)
Texture Produces a lighter and fluffier texture Results in a denser texture
Rising Ability Does not promote as much rising Promotes better rising due to higher gluten content
Uses Best for delicate baked goods like cakes and pastries Versatile and suitable for a wide range of recipes
Thickening Power Poor thickening ability Good thickening ability
Substitution Ratio 1 cup cake flour = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour 1 cup all-purpose flour = 1 cup plus 2 tablespoons of cake flour
Browning Ability Results in a softer, lighter crust or color on baked goods Allows for more browning and a richer color
Cost Slightly more expensive than all-purpose flour Generally more affordable
Availability Not as widely available as all-purpose flour Easily found in most grocery stores
Storage Has a shorter shelf life due to lower protein content Can be stored for longer periods


In summary, the main differences between cake flour and all-purpose flour lie in their protein content, texture, rising ability, uses, thickening power, substitution ratio, browning ability, cost, availability, and storage requirements. While cake flour is best suited for delicate baked goods that require a lighter texture, all-purpose flour offers versatility and is suitable for a wider range of recipes. Consider the specific needs of your recipe to choose the right flour.

People Also Ask:

Q: Can I substitute all-purpose flour for cake flour?

A: Yes, you can substitute all-purpose flour for cake flour by removing two tablespoons of all-purpose flour for every cup required in the recipe.

Q: Can I use cake flour for bread?

A: While cake flour is not ideal for bread, you can use a combination of cake flour and all-purpose flour to achieve a lighter texture in your bread recipe.

Q: Why is cake flour more expensive?

A: Cake flour undergoes a more refined milling process, which results in a finer texture. This additional processing contributes to the higher cost compared to all-purpose flour.

Q: Can I use cake flour for cookies?

A: Yes, you can use cake flour for cookies. It will give your cookies a tender and delicate texture.

Q: Can I use all-purpose flour for pancakes?

A: Yes, all-purpose flour can be used for pancakes. However, using cake flour may result in a lighter and fluffier pancake.

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