10 Differences Between cash flow and fund flow statement

What is Cash Flow?

Cash flow refers to the inflow and outflow of cash or cash equivalents in a business over a specific period of time. It represents the movement of cash into and out of a company and provides insights into the company’s ability to generate and manage its cash resources.

Examples of Cash Flow

Examples of cash flow include cash received from customers, interest received, dividends received, cash paid to suppliers, cash paid for salaries and wages, cash paid for utilities, and cash paid for taxes.

Uses of Cash Flow

Cash flow is a crucial financial metric used by investors, creditors, and analysts to assess the financial health and stability of a business. It helps in evaluating the company’s ability to cover its expenses, invest in growth opportunities, pay dividends, and repay debts.

What is a Fund Flow Statement?

A fund flow statement is a financial statement that provides information about the inflow and outflow of funds in a business, both from internal and external sources. It tracks the movement of funds between different sources and uses within an organization.

Examples of Fund Flow Statement

Examples of fund flow statement items include long-term borrowings, equity capital, net income, dividends paid, purchase of fixed assets, repayment of long-term debts, and investments in marketable securities.

Uses of Fund Flow Statement

Fund flow statements are used to analyze the changes in a company’s financial position over a specific period. They help in understanding the sources and applications of funds, identifying the reasons for changes in working capital, assessing the company’s financial stability, and making informed investment decisions.

Differences Between Cash Flow and Fund Flow Statement

Difference Area Cash Flow Fund Flow Statement
Concept Measures the movement of cash. Tracks the movement of funds.
Focus Cash inflows and outflows. Funds from varied sources and their uses.
Timeframe Short-term (usually a month or year). Long-term (usually multiple years).
Scope Limited to cash transactions only. Includes non-cash items like depreciation and amortization.
Information Provides details about actual cash movement. Provides details about the flow of funds in the organization.
Investment Perspective Assesses the company’s ability to generate cash. Assesses the company’s financial stability and solvency.
Uses for Analysis Assessing liquidity and short-term financial health. Assessing long-term financial strength and investment potential.
Indicators Cash Inflow, Cash Outflow, Net Cash Flow. Changes in Working Capital, Fund Sources, Fund Uses.
Accounting Treatment Records cash inflows and outflows directly. Uses indirect method to calculate funds from operations.
Reporting Requirements Required for all types of companies. Required for companies as per regulatory guidelines.


In conclusion, the main difference between the cash flow statement and the fund flow statement lies in their focus and scope. While the cash flow statement primarily tracks the movement of cash in and out of a business, the fund flow statement analyzes the sources and uses of funds, including non-cash items like depreciation. Both statements are valuable tools for financial analysis, providing insights into a company’s financial health from short-term liquidity to long-term stability.

People Also Ask:

1. What is the purpose of a cash flow statement?

The purpose of a cash flow statement is to provide information about the cash inflows and outflows of a business, helping stakeholders assess its short-term liquidity and ability to generate and manage cash.

2. How do you calculate cash flow?

Cash flow is calculated by subtracting cash outflows from cash inflows over a specific period, taking into account operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities.

3. What are the main sources of funds in a fund flow statement?

The main sources of funds in a fund flow statement can include equity capital, long-term borrowings, net income, and proceeds from the sale of assets.

4. How is working capital affected by cash flow and fund flow?

Cash flow mainly affects short-term working capital, reflecting the availability of cash to cover current expenses and liabilities. Fund flow, on the other hand, provides insights into changes in working capital over a longer period and identifies the reasons behind those changes.

5. Are cash flow and fund flow statements required by law?

While cash flow statements are required for all companies, the preparation and presentation of the fund flow statement may be mandatory only for certain companies as per regulatory guidelines and reporting requirements.

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