10 Differences Between electron proton and neutron

Difference between Electron, Proton, and Neutron

What are Electron and Proton?

An electron is a subatomic particle with a negative charge, and it orbits the nucleus of an atom. On the other hand, a proton is a subatomic particle with a positive charge, and it is found in the nucleus of an atom.

Examples of Electron and Proton:

  • Electron: Electrons are commonly found in atoms of elements like hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen.
  • Proton: Protons are present in the nuclei of all atoms, including hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen.

Uses of Electron and Proton:

  • Electron: Electrons play a crucial role in various electronic devices such as TVs, computers, and smartphones.
  • Proton: Protons are essential in determining the chemical properties of an atom and are involved in chemical reactions.

What is a Neutron?

A neutron is a subatomic particle that exists in the nucleus of an atom. It has no charge, unlike electrons and protons. Neutrons help stabilize the nucleus and keep it from breaking apart due to the repulsive forces between protons.

Examples of Neutron:

  • Neutron: Neutrons can be found in the nuclei of atoms like carbon-12, oxygen-16, and uranium-238.

Uses of Neutron:

  • Neutron: Neutrons are commonly used in nuclear power plants for fission reactions to generate electricity.

Differences between Electron, Proton, and Neutron:

Difference Area Electron Proton Neutron
Basis Negative charge Positive charge No charge
Location Orbits the nucleus In the nucleus In the nucleus
Mass Negligible 1 atomic mass unit (a.m.u.) 1 a.m.u.
Charge -1.6 x 10^-19 C +1.6 x 10^-19 C No charge
Symbol e- p+ n
Presence in Nucleus No Yes Yes
Number in Nucleus Varies Equals the atomic number Equals the mass number minus the atomic number
Interaction with Electric Fields Deflects in the opposite direction Deflects in the same direction Not affected by electric fields
Interaction with Magnetic Fields Deflects perpendicular to the field Deflects perpendicular to the field No effect on neutrons
Involved in Chemical Bonds Yes No No


In conclusion, electrons, protons, and neutrons are subatomic particles with distinct characteristics. Electrons have a negative charge and orbit the nucleus, while protons have a positive charge and are found within the nucleus. On the other hand, neutrons have no charge and also reside in the nucleus. They differ in terms of their mass, presence in the nucleus, and interactions with electric and magnetic fields. Furthermore, electrons are involved in chemical bonds, while protons and neutrons are not.

People Also Ask:

Q: What are the charges of electrons, protons, and neutrons?

A: Electrons have a negative charge, protons have a positive charge, and neutrons have no charge.

Q: How are electrons, protons, and neutrons different?

A: Electrons, protons, and neutrons differ in their charge, location, mass, and involvement in chemical reactions.

Q: Can electrons exist outside an atom?

A: Electrons do not exist freely outside an atom, as they are bound by the electromagnetic force exerted by the nucleus.

Q: Which subatomic particle is responsible for chemical bonding?

A: Electrons are responsible for chemical bonding, as their distribution around the nucleus determines an atom’s ability to form bonds.

Q: Can you find protons and electrons in the same atomic structure?

A: Yes, every atom contains both protons and electrons. The number of protons determines the atomic number, while the number of electrons balances the positive charge of the protons.

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