10 Differences Between human rights and fundamental rights

Human Rights vs Fundamental Rights

What are Human Rights?

Human rights are the basic entitlements and freedoms that all individuals possess inherently, regardless of their nationality, race, gender, religion, or any other characteristic. These rights are essential for an individual’s dignity, well-being, and overall development.

Examples of Human Rights:

  • Right to life
  • Right to freedom of speech and expression
  • Right to equality
  • Right to education
  • Right to a fair trial

Uses of Human Rights:

Human rights ensure that every individual is treated with dignity, respect, and fairness. They empower individuals to exercise their freedoms and protect them from discrimination, violence, and injustices.

What are Fundamental Rights?

Fundamental rights are specific rights granted and protected by a country’s constitution. These rights are typically enshrined in the constitution to safeguard the fundamental interests and well-being of its citizens.

Examples of Fundamental Rights:

  • Right to equality before the law
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Right to protection against discrimination
  • Right to life, liberty, and security of person
  • Right to privacy

Uses of Fundamental Rights:

Fundamental rights ensure that citizens have certain essential freedoms and protections guaranteed by law. These rights act as a check on the powers of the government and allow individuals to live a life with dignity and equal opportunities.

Differences between Human Rights and Fundamental Rights:

Difference Area Human Rights Fundamental Rights
Origin Derived from universal principles of human dignity Granted and protected by the country’s constitution
Applicability Universal and applicable to all individuals globally Specific to a particular country or jurisdiction
Source Emerge from international treaties, conventions, and customary law Derived from the constitution and legal framework of a country
Enforceability Can be enforced internationally through various mechanisms Enforceable within the legal framework of the country
Alteration Relatively difficult to alter or amend Amendable through the constitutional amendment process
Scope Wide-ranging and cover various aspects of human life, freedom, and dignity Cover specific rights deemed fundamental to citizens of a country
Application Can be universally applied without any geographical restrictions Applies only within the jurisdiction of the country
Supremacy Have a higher moral and ethical standing Subordinate to other laws and regulations in the country
Recognition Recognized by international organizations and bodies Recognized within the legal system of a particular country
Interpretation Interpreted broadly to protect the inherent rights and freedoms of individuals Can be narrowly interpreted within the legal context of a specific country


In summary, human rights and fundamental rights share a common objective of safeguarding the rights and well-being of individuals. However, they differ in terms of their origin, applicability, enforceability, alteration process, scope, and interpretation. Human rights have a broader international context, while fundamental rights are specific to a country. Understanding these differences helps in comprehending the legal framework and protection of rights within different contexts.

People Also Ask:

Q: What is the importance of human rights?

A: Human rights are crucial for protecting individuals from discrimination, ensuring equal opportunities, and promoting social justice and peace.

Q: Are human rights and fundamental rights the same?

A: While they share a common objective, human rights are more universal and international, whereas fundamental rights are specific to a country’s legal system.

Q: Can fundamental rights be limited?

A: Yes, fundamental rights can be limited or regulated under certain circumstances, such as national security, public order, or protection of other individuals’ rights.

Q: Can human rights be violated?

A: Unfortunately, human rights can be violated, both by state and non-state actors. The protection and promotion of human rights require collective efforts and engagement.

Q: Who is responsible for protecting human rights?

A: Protecting human rights is a shared responsibility of governments, international organizations, civil society, and individuals. It requires cooperation and adherence to international human rights standards.

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