The Migration is the term which means the movement of people from one place to other place in searching of employemnet, better conditions of living, better educational facilities, etc to live a better life. There are various types of migration and this article main revolves around the internal and international migration in a detailed manner.
Internal Migration is the type of migration in which the people migrate between states within the country. The people migrate in searcgh of better conditions, employement, eduaction, etc to urban areas. The Internal Migration is very common in every country and mostly takes place at intial and medium stages of the urbanistaion. The Internal Migration consists of different types of migrations like,
⦿ Seasonal Migration
⦿ Rural to Urban Migration
⦿ Rural to Rural Migration, etc.
International Migration is the type of migration in which the people migrate from one country to another country for various purposes like job opportunities, higher education, business purposes, ect. There are many restrictions and rules to be followed by the individual in order to migrate from one country to another. ‘
The people who are migrating to another country should get passport, visa, etc and they must know the laws of the migrating country, etc.
Differences Between Internal and International Migration:
Lets briefly differentiate between Internal and International migration
|INTERNAL MIGRATION||INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION|
|The movement of people within a country i.e. between states, districts, villages, etc is called as Internal Migration.||The movement of people from one country to other across the international borders is called as International Migration.|
|MOSTLY SEEN IN|
|The Internal migration is mostly seen in the semi-skilled and unskilled workers in the rural and semi-urban areas.||The International migration is mostly seen is the professional and skilled people.|
|The government may or may not take care about the internal migrants from other states.||The government provides security to the international migrants through Indian embassy's in respective countries.|
|The internal migration do not pose a problem of brain drain.||The international migration pose a serious problem of brain drain of highly educated people working for other country's progress.|
|The money sent by the migrants to their families is less when compared to international migrants.||The money sent by the international migrants to the home country is very high.|
REASONS OF MIGRATION
The people migrate for different reasons and some of them are as follows.
⦿ Availability of work and livelihood.
⦿ Government policies.
⦿ Better educational facilities.
⦿ Natural calamities
⦿ Political reasons
⦿ Religious reasons
⦿ Health care facilities
⦿ Business oppurtunities, etc.