10 Differences Between internet intranet and extranet

Internet, Intranet, and Extranet: Understanding the Differences

What is Internet Intranet?

An internet intranet refers to a private network that utilizes internet protocols to securely share confidential information among authorized users within an organization. It offers a restricted access environment, ensuring data privacy and control.

Examples of Internet Intranet

  • Corporate networks
  • University intranets
  • Government agency networks

Uses of Internet Intranet

Internet intranets have various applications such as:

  1. Internal communication and collaboration
  2. Access to shared company resources
  3. Database management
  4. Training and knowledge sharing

What is Extranet?

An extranet is an extension of an internet intranet that allows authorized external users, such as partners, suppliers, and customers, to access specific resources or collaborate with an organization. It provides controlled access to selected areas of an intranet to external stakeholders.

Examples of Extranet

  • Partner portals
  • Supplier management systems
  • Customer support portals

Uses of Extranet

Extranets serve various purposes, including:

  1. Facilitating secure collaboration with external partners
  2. Streamlining supply chain management and communication with suppliers
  3. Improving customer service through self-service portals

Differences between Internet Intranet and Extranet

Difference Area Internet Intranet Extranet
Access Restricted to authorized users within the organization Accessible to authorized external users in addition to internal users
Security Offers enhanced security measures to protect confidential data Provides secure access to external stakeholders without compromising internal security
Collaboration Primarily facilitates internal collaboration within an organization Enables collaboration with both internal and external stakeholders
Scope Limited to the internal operations and resources of an organization Extends the reach of internal resources to external entities
Authorization Access is granted based on employee roles and permissions Access is granted based on defined user roles and relationships with an organization
Purpose To streamline internal communication and file sharing To facilitate collaboration and communication with external entities
Administration Managed by internal IT departments Managed jointly by internal IT departments and external stakeholders
Privacy Offers a high level of data privacy Data privacy can be more challenging due to involvement of external users
Integration Can be integrated with enterprise systems and databases Can integrate external systems and databases with the organization’s intranet
Accessibility Accessible only from within the organization’s network Accessible by authorized users from any location


In summary, internet intranet and extranet are distinct networking environments with their own specific purposes and access privileges. While internet intranet focuses on internal collaboration and resource sharing within an organization, extranet extends this collaboration to external stakeholders without compromising security. Understanding the differences between these concepts is essential for organizations seeking to leverage their networks effectively.

People Also Ask:

Q: How does an internet intranet differ from the internet itself?
A: An internet intranet is a private network that operates using internet protocols but is accessible only to authorized users within an organization. In contrast, the internet is a global network accessible to anyone with an internet connection.

Q: Can an extranet be more vulnerable to security threats compared to an internet intranet?
A: Extranets involve the exchange of information with external stakeholders, which can introduce additional security risks. However, with proper security measures and protocols, extranets can be made secure, allowing controlled access to external parties while safeguarding internal data.

Q: Are internet intranets and extranets scalable?
A: Yes, both internet intranets and extranets can be scaled to accommodate the needs of an organization. As the organization grows or expands its collaborations with external entities, the network infrastructure can be adjusted accordingly.

Q: Can an extranet enhance customer service?
A: Yes, an extranet can improve customer service by providing self-service portals, enabling customers to access relevant information, submit inquiries, track orders, and find solutions independently. This reduces the need for direct interaction with customer support, enhancing efficiency and customer satisfaction.

Q: Can an intranet be accessed remotely?
A: Yes, an intranet can be accessed remotely through secure remote access technologies such as VPN (Virtual Private Network) or by using secure login credentials provided by the organization. This allows authorized users to connect to the intranet from outside the organization’s physical premises.

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