In general, There are physical and chemical components. Briefly, Mixtures and Compounds are two or more elements and substances that combine together forms chemically and physically.
Meaning of Mixtures:
A mixture is a material made up of two or more different substances which are not chemically combined.
- Dirt and water(mud)
- Sand, water and gravel (cement)
- Oxygen and water (seafoam)
Meaning of Compounds:
A compound pure substance that can be separated into two or more components only by means of a chemical reaction.
- Salt – Nacl
- Water – H2O
- Ammonia – NH3
Difference Between Mixtures and Compounds:
|Elements or compounds just mix together to form a mixture and no new compound is formed.||Elements react to form new compounds.|
|A mixture is a variable composition.||The composition of each new substance is always fixed.|
|A mixture shows the properties of the constituent substances.||The new substance has totally different properties.|
|The constituents can be separated fairly easily by physical methods.||The constituents can be separated only by chemical or electrochemical reactions.|
|They don't show their own characteristics.||They show their own characteristics.|
|The ratio of mixture components can vary.||Present in a fixed ratio.|
As a result of the preceding discussion, Mixtures are variable composition and Compounds are of each substance are always fixed. They have their own properties, characteristics, constituents, and ratio.
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