10 Differences Between natural fibre and synthetic fibre

Difference between Natural Fiber and Synthetic Fiber


In the world of textiles, fibers are the building blocks for fabric production. These fibers can be classified into two main categories: natural fibers and synthetic fibers. Understanding the differences between them is essential for making informed choices when it comes to clothing, textiles, and various industries. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, uses, and divergences between natural fiber and synthetic fiber.

What is/are Natural Fiber?

Natural fibers are derived from plants, animals, or minerals found in nature. These fibers are organic and biodegradable. They have been in use for centuries and are highly valued for their comfort, breathability, and eco-friendliness.

Examples of Natural Fiber

Some common examples of natural fibers include:

  • Cotton
  • Wool
  • Silk
  • Linen
  • Jute

Uses of Natural Fiber

Natural fibers find applications in numerous industries, including:

  • Textile industry
  • Fashion industry
  • Home furnishing
  • Automotive industry
  • Papermaking

What is/are Synthetic Fiber?

Synthetic fibers, also known as man-made or artificial fibers, are chemically produced materials designed to mimic the properties of natural fibers. These fibers are created through a process called polymerization, where small molecules combine to form large, chain-like structures.

Examples of Synthetic Fiber

Some common examples of synthetic fibers include:

  • Polyester
  • Nylon
  • Acrylic
  • Rayon
  • Spandex

Uses of Synthetic Fiber

Synthetic fibers have a wide range of applications, including:

  • Apparel manufacturing
  • Home textiles
  • Carpeting
  • Industrial materials
  • Outdoor gear

Differences between Natural Fiber and Synthetic Fiber

Difference Area Natural Fiber Synthetic Fiber
Source Derived from plants, animals, or minerals found in nature Created through chemical processes in laboratories
Biodegradability Biodegradable Non-biodegradable
Comfort High level of comfort and breathability May be less breathable and comfortable
Care Require special care and maintenance Easy to care for and may be machine washable
Environmental Impact More sustainable and eco-friendly Can have a higher carbon footprint
Strength Variable strength depending on the fiber type Can be engineered for high strength and durability
Absorbency Generally absorbent May vary in absorbency depending on the fiber
Cost Cost can vary, but generally more expensive Often cheaper to produce
Elasticity Less elastic, may wrinkle easily Higher elasticity and resistance to wrinkles
Chemical Sensitivity Usually hypoallergenic May cause allergies or skin irritations


While both natural fiber and synthetic fiber have their merits, the choice ultimately depends on the intended use and priorities of the consumer. Natural fibers offer comfort, breathability, and eco-friendliness, but may require special care. On the other hand, synthetic fibers provide convenience, durability, and cost-effectiveness, but are not as environmentally friendly. Understanding these differences enables consumers to make informed decisions about the textiles they choose.

People Also Ask:

1. Are natural fibers more sustainable than synthetic fibers?

Yes, natural fibers are generally considered more sustainable because they are biodegradable and have a lower carbon footprint compared to synthetic fibers.

2. Are synthetic fibers harmful to the environment?

Synthetic fibers are not biodegradable and are derived from non-renewable resources. The production and disposal of synthetic fibers can have a negative impact on the environment.

3. Which fiber is more suitable for athletic clothing?

Synthetic fibers like polyester and spandex are often preferred for athletic clothing due to their moisture-wicking properties and high stretchability.

4. Can natural fibers be blended with synthetic fibers?

Yes, it is common to blend natural and synthetic fibers to combine their desirable properties. For example, a blend of cotton and polyester can offer the comfort of cotton with the durability of polyester.

5. Are natural fibers more expensive than synthetic fibers?

Generally, natural fibers are more expensive due to the raw material sourcing and production processes involved. However, the cost can vary depending on the specific fiber and manufacturing methods.

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