Difference between NITI Aayog and Planning Commission
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What is NITI Aayog?
NITI Aayog, which stands for National Institution for Transforming India, is a policy think tank of the Government of India. It was established in 2015 to replace the Planning Commission. NITI Aayog provides directional and policy inputs to the central and state governments, aiming to foster cooperative federalism in India.
Examples of NITI Aayog
– Development of the National Health Stack, a digital infrastructure for healthcare services
– Implementation of the Atal Innovation Mission to promote innovation and entrepreneurship
– Launch of the Aspirational Districts Programme to improve the socio-economic status of 115 identified districts
What is the Planning Commission?
The Planning Commission was a body established in 1950 by the Government of India to formulate and oversee the country’s Five-Year Plans for socio-economic development. It played a central role in the planned development of the nation and allocation of resources.
Examples of Planning Commission
– Formulation and implementation of various Five-Year Plans
– Development of the Green Revolution to increase agricultural productivity
– Establishment of public sector enterprises like Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
|Difference Area||NITI Aayog||Planning Commission|
|Structure||NITI Aayog is a think tank with a CEO as the head||Planning Commission had a Deputy Chairman as the head|
|Mandate||Fostering cooperative federalism||Formulating Five-Year Plans|
|Decision Making||NITI Aayog focuses on participative decision-making||Planning Commission had a top-down approach|
|Approach||NITI Aayog follows a bottom-up approach for development||Planning Commission focused on centralized planning|
|States’ Role||NITI Aayog promotes the involvement of states||Planning Commission played a more centralized role|
|Flexibility||NITI Aayog has more flexibility in policy formulation||Planning Commission had rigid policies|
|Experts Involvement||NITI Aayog emphasizes the involvement of domain experts||Planning Commission had a centralized approach|
|Financial Allocation||NITI Aayog does not allocate funds||Planning Commission allocated funds for development projects|
|Role in Decision-Making||NITI Aayog plays a more advisory role||Planning Commission had a more regulatory role|
|Responsibility||NITI Aayog is responsible for strategic and long-term planning||Planning Commission was responsible for detailed planning|
In summary, NITI Aayog and the Planning Commission differ in their structure, mandate, decision-making approach, role in decision-making, and allocation of funds. NITI Aayog focuses on fostering cooperative federalism, while the Planning Commission played a more centralized role in formulating Five-Year Plans. NITI Aayog follows a bottom-up approach with greater flexibility, while the Planning Commission had a top-down approach and rigid policies.
People Also Ask:
Q: What is the main purpose of NITI Aayog?
A: The main purpose of NITI Aayog is to provide policy inputs and strategic direction to the central and state governments in order to achieve sustainable development goals.
Q: What was the role of the Planning Commission?
A: The role of the Planning Commission was to formulate and oversee Five-Year Plans, allocate resources, and promote planned development in India.
Q: How is NITI Aayog different from the Planning Commission?
A: NITI Aayog is different from the Planning Commission in terms of its structure, decision-making approach, role in decision-making, and allocation of funds. NITI Aayog focuses on cooperative federalism and follows a bottom-up approach, while the Planning Commission had a more centralized role and top-down approach.
Q: Does NITI Aayog allocate funds for development projects?
A: No, NITI Aayog does not allocate funds. Its main role is to provide policy inputs and strategic direction to the government.
Q: What is the significance of the National Health Stack developed by NITI Aayog?
A: The National Health Stack is a digital infrastructure developed by NITI Aayog to enable the efficient delivery of healthcare services, ensure portability of health records, and promote innovative solutions in the healthcare sector.