10 Differences Between peanut and groundnut

The Difference Between Peanut and Groundnut

Do you often find yourself confused between peanuts and groundnuts? While these two terms are often used interchangeably, they actually refer to different things. In this article, we will dive into the world of peanuts and groundnuts, explore their characteristics, uses, and differences. By the end of this article, you will have a clear understanding of what sets them apart.

What is/are Peanut?

Peanuts, scientifically known as Arachis hypogaea, are a type of legume that belongs to the Fabaceae family. These small, oval-shaped seeds grow underground and are encased in a thin, papery shell. Despite their name, peanuts aren’t true nuts. Instead, they are classified as legumes due to their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil.

Examples of Peanut

Peanuts can be found in various forms and are used in different ways. Here are a few examples of peanuts:

  1. Raw peanuts
  2. Roasted peanuts
  3. Peanut butter
  4. Peanut oil
  5. Peanut flour

Uses of Peanut

Due to their versatility, peanuts have a wide range of uses. Some common uses of peanuts include:

  1. Culinary purposes – Peanuts are used in cooking and baking, adding flavor, texture, and nutritional value to dishes.
  2. Snacks – Roasted peanuts are popular snacks enjoyed worldwide.
  3. Peanut butter – Peanut butter is a staple in many households and is used for spreading, baking, and making sauces.
  4. Cosmetics – Peanut oil is used in the production of cosmetics and skin care products.
  5. Animal feed – Peanuts are also used in animal feed due to their high nutritional content.

What is/are Groundnut?

Groundnut is another term commonly used to refer to the same crop as peanuts. The term “groundnut” is more commonly used in many countries, particularly in Africa and Asia. Groundnuts are known for their ability to grow underground, just like peanuts. The term “groundnut” is often used to emphasize the fact that they grow beneath the soil surface.

Examples of Groundnut

Here are a few examples of groundnut:

  1. Raw groundnuts
  2. Roasted groundnuts
  3. Groundnut oil
  4. Groundnut flour
  5. Groundnut sauce

Uses of Groundnut

Similar to peanuts, groundnuts are versatile and have multiple uses. Some common uses of groundnuts include:

  1. Culinary purposes – Groundnuts are widely used in cooking, particularly in African and Asian cuisine.
  2. Snacks – Roasted groundnuts are popular snacks enjoyed in many countries.
  3. Groundnut oil – Groundnut oil is widely used for cooking and frying due to its high smoke point.
  4. Groundnut flour – Groundnut flour is used in many traditional dishes and baked goods.
  5. Groundnut sauce – Groundnut sauce, also known as peanut sauce, is a common condiment in many cuisines.

Differences Table

Difference Area Peanut Groundnut
Scientific Name Arachis hypogaea Arachis hypogaea
Common Name Peanut Groundnut
Usage Multifunctional (culinary, snacks, oil, etc.) Primarily culinary
Geographical Usage More common in North America More common in Africa and Asia
Growing Method Usually cultivated in sandy soil Grows underground
Shell Thickness Thin shells Thicker shells
Shape Oval-shaped Oval-shaped
Taste Nutty and slightly sweet Nutty and slightly sweet
Oil Content Higher oil content Lower oil content
Usage in Cosmetics Commonly used Less commonly used


In conclusion, peanuts and groundnuts are terms used to refer to the same crop, Arachis hypogaea. While peanuts are more commonly used in North America, groundnuts are often preferred in Africa and Asia. Peanuts have a broader range of uses, including culinary, snacks, and cosmetics, while groundnuts are primarily used for culinary purposes. Both peanuts and groundnuts have similar characteristics in terms of scientific name, shape, and taste, but differ in terms of geographical usage, shell thickness, oil content, and use in cosmetics.

People Also Ask

  1. Are peanuts and groundnuts the same?
    Yes, peanuts and groundnuts are the same; the terms are used interchangeably to refer to the crop Arachis hypogaea.
  2. Which term is more commonly used?
    The term “peanut” is more commonly used in North America, while “groundnut” is more popular in Africa and Asia.
  3. Can I substitute peanuts for groundnuts in recipes?
    Yes, you can substitute peanuts for groundnuts and vice versa in most recipes. However, note that groundnuts may have a slightly different taste and texture.
  4. Are peanuts and groundnuts good for you?
    Yes, both peanuts and groundnuts are good for you. They are excellent sources of protein, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals.
  5. Can I use groundnut oil instead of peanut oil?
    Yes, you can use groundnut oil instead of peanut oil in cooking. They have similar properties and are both suitable for high-heat cooking methods.

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