10 Differences Between solution and suspension

Solution and Suspension: Understanding the Differences

What is a Solution?

A solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. It is formed when a solute (a substance that gets dissolved) is dissolved in a solvent (a substance that does the dissolving). Solutions can be in solid, liquid, or gaseous states.

Examples of Solutions:

  1. Saltwater (sodium chloride dissolved in water)
  2. Carbonated beverages (carbon dioxide dissolved in water)
  3. Brass (zinc dissolved in copper)

Uses of Solutions:

Solutions have various applications in everyday life and industries such as:

  • Medicine: Injectable drugs and oral solutions
  • Food and beverage industry: Sauces, juices, etc.
  • Chemical industry: Cleaning agents, solvents, etc.

What is Suspension?

Suspension refers to a heterogeneous mixture in which solid particles or liquid droplets are dispersed in a liquid or gas. Unlike solutions, the particles in a suspension do not dissolve but remain suspended or floating.

Examples of Suspensions:

  1. Muddy water (small soil particles suspended in water)
  2. Paint (pigments suspended in a liquid medium)
  3. Blood (red and white blood cells suspended in plasma)

Uses of Suspensions:

Suspensions find applications in different fields, including:

  • Pharmaceutical industry: Suspension-based medications
  • Cosmetics: Sunscreen lotions, skincare products
  • Environmental science: Monitoring air pollution particles

Differences between Solution and Suspension:

Difference Area Solution Suspension
Homogeneity Homogeneous mixture Heterogeneous mixture
Particle size Particles are dissolved and smaller Particles are visible and larger
Settling Particles do not settle Particles settle over time
Clarity Transparent or translucent Often cloudy or opaque
Separation Components cannot be separated easily Can be separated by filtration or settling
Stability Stable over time May require agitation to remain suspended
Phase Homogeneous phase Heterogeneous phase
Appearance Uniform throughout Non-uniform, with visible particles
Filterability Cannot be filtered easily Can be filtered to separate particles
Light Scattering Particles do not scatter light Particles scatter light, leading to turbidity


In summary, solutions and suspensions are both types of mixtures, but they have significant differences. Solutions are homogeneous mixtures, where the solute is dissolved in the solvent, while suspensions are heterogeneous mixtures, where the particles remain suspended. Solutions are clear and stable, whereas suspensions often appear cloudy and may settle over time.

People Also Ask:

Q: What is the main difference between a solution and a suspension?

A: The main difference is that solutions are homogeneous mixtures with dissolved particles, while suspensions are heterogeneous mixtures with visible particles that remain suspended.

Q: Can suspensions and solutions be separated?

A: Solutions cannot be easily separated, while suspensions can be separated by filtration or allowing the particles to settle.

Q: Why do some solutions appear transparent?

A: Solutions appear transparent because the particle size is extremely small, allowing light to pass through without significant scattering.

Q: Are solutions and suspensions stable over time?

A: Solutions are generally stable over time, while suspensions may require agitation to remain suspended and may settle if left undisturbed for long periods.

Q: Can suspensions be filtered?

A: Yes, suspensions can be filtered using techniques such as filtration to separate the solid particles or liquid droplets from the mixture.

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