What are Biotic components?
Biotic components are described as any living component that affects another organism or shapes the ecosystem. This includes both animals that consume other organisms within their ecosystem and the organism that is being consumed. Biotic factors also include human influence, pathogens, and disease outbreaks. Each biotic factor needs a proper amount of energy and nutrition to function healthily.
Biotic components are typically sorted into three main categories:
- Producers, otherwise known as autotrophs, convert energy (through the process of photosynthesis) into food.
- Consumers, otherwise known as heterotrophs, depend upon producers (and occasionally other consumers) for food.
- Decomposers, otherwise known as detritivores, break down chemicals from producers and consumers (usually antibiotics) into a simpler form that can be reused.
What are abiotic components?
Abiotic components are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems. Abiotic factors and the phenomena associated with them underpin biology as a whole.
They affect many species in all forms of environmental conditions such as marine or land animals. We humans can make or change abiotic factors in a species’ environment. For instance, fertilizers can affect a snail’s habitat, or the greenhouse gases which humans utilize can change marine pH levels.
Abiotic components include physical conditions and non-living resources that affect living organisms in terms of growth, maintenance, and reproduction. Resources are distinguished as substances or objects in the environment required by one organism and consumed or otherwise made unavailable for use by other organisms.
These are different settings on earth that are abiotic factors, which mean they are not living organisms, that contribute to the earth in many different ways.
Component degradation of a substance occurs by chemical or physical processes, e.g. hydrolysis. All non-living components of an ecosystem, such as atmospheric conditions and water resources, are called abiotic components.
Major Differences between Biotic and Abiotic components:
|BIOTIC COMPONENTS||ABIOTIC COMPONENTS|
|Living organisms that live in the ecosystem are called Biotic components.||Chemical and Physical factors that present in the ecosystem are called Abiotic components.|
|They are living in nature.||They are non-living in nature.|
|They need both biotic and abiotic components for their existence.||They don’t need biotic components.|
|They originated from the Biosphere only.||They originated from the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.|
|Example: Autotrophs; Heterotrops; Decomposers, etc.,||Example:Light;water;temperature;humidity;etc.,|
Both Biotic and Abiotic components are considered as components that are present on the earth’s surface. Biotic components are described as any living component that affects another organism or shapes the ecosystem. and Abiotic components are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems.