The word Tropic means Tropos which is a Greek word that means to turn, referring to the fact that the sun appears to turn back at the solstices. the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is the most important latitude line that is made, apart from the equator.
They match the orientation and rotational axis of the earth around the sun’s ecliptical plane.
These latitudes hit the Earth’s surface at which the sun’s rays fall and a right angle both during Summer and Winter Solstice.
What is the Tropic of cancer?
The Tropic of Cancer is a latitude line that is circling the Earth at approximately 23.5° north of the equator.
- It is the northernmost point on Earth where the sun’s rays can appear directly overhead at noon.
- It is also one of the five major degree measures or circles of latitude dividing the Earth (the others are the Tropic of Capricorn, the equator, the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle).
What is the Tropic of Capricorn?
Tropic of Capricorn lies 23 degrees 5′ south of the Equator. It is the farthest southern latitude at which the sun can reach or appear directly overhead.
- North of this latitude are the Tropics and below the Tropic of Capricorn are the Southern Temperate Zones.
- The sun appears directly over this latitude during the winter solstice, when the sun was entering the zodiac sign of Capricorn.
- December 21st is the day of winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.
Differences Between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn are:
|Tropic of cancer||Tropic of capricorn|
|Tropic of Cancer is located at 23 1/2 North Latitude||Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23 1/2 South Latitude|
|It is situated north side of the equator||It is situated north side of the equator|
|The sun is directly overhead at noon on June 21, the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere||The sun is directly overhead at noon on December 21, the beginning of winter in the northern hemisphere|
|Tropic of Cancer passes through Mexico, the Bahamas, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, India, China, Bangladesh, and others.||Tropic of Capricorn passes through Argentina, Paraguay, South Africa, Madagascar, Australia, Chile, Botswana, and others.|
The conclusion for Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is that The Tropic of Cancer (about 23.5 degrees north of the Equator) and The Tropic of Capricorn (about 23.5 degrees south of the Equator).
Also, Read Different Layers of the Earth.