10 Differences Between antiseptic and antibiotic

Difference between Antiseptic and Antibiotic

Difference between Antiseptic and Antibiotic

What are Antiseptics?

Antiseptics are substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissues.

Examples of Antiseptics

  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Isopropyl alcohol
  • Betadine solution

What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are medications used to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria.

Examples of Antibiotics

  • Penicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Ciprofloxacin

Differences between Antiseptic and Antibiotic

Difference Area Antiseptic Antibiotic
Mechanism of Action Kills microorganisms on living tissues Kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria
Usage Used on wounds, cuts, and burns to prevent infection Prescribed by doctors to treat bacterial infections
Target Applied externally on the skin Orally ingested or injected to treat internal infections
Effect on Viral Infections Cannot treat viral infections Cannot treat viral infections
Resistance Development Not prone to causing antibiotic resistance Overuse leads to antibiotic resistance
Side Effects Mild and local skin irritation Possible allergic reactions and disruption of gut flora
Prescription Requirement Generally available over the counter Requires a doctor’s prescription
Treatment Duration Short-term use for wound healing Longer course of treatment for bacterial infections
Availability Available in a variety of forms – liquid, spray, ointment, etc. Available as pills, capsules, or injections
Scope of Usage Used in first aid and personal hygiene Used in medical settings and for systematic infections


In summary, antiseptics are used to prevent infections on living tissues, while antibiotics are medications used to treat bacterial infections. Antiseptics are applied externally, typically on wounds, cuts, and burns, whereas antibiotics are taken orally or injected to treat internal infections. It’s important to note that both antiseptics and antibiotics cannot treat viral infections.

People Also Ask:

  • Can antiseptics be used on internal infections?
    No, antiseptics are only used externally on living tissues.
  • Can antibiotics be used to treat viral infections?
    No, antibiotics are ineffective against viral infections.
  • Can antiseptics cause antibiotic resistance?
    Antiseptics are not prone to causing antibiotic resistance.
  • Do antiseptics require a prescription?
    Antiseptics are generally available over the counter without a prescription.
  • What are the side effects of antibiotics?
    Antibiotics can cause allergic reactions and disrupt the natural balance of gut flora.

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