10 Differences Between square and rectangle

Difference between Square and Rectangle

Difference between Square and Rectangle

What is a Square?

A square is a quadrilateral with four equal sides and four equal angles of 90 degrees each. All sides of a square have the same length, and its opposite sides are parallel.

Examples of Square

  • A chessboard
  • A Post-it note
  • A picture frame

Uses of Square

Squares are commonly used in various fields, such as:

  • Architecture and construction
  • Geometry and mathematics
  • Graphic design and art

What is a Rectangle?

A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles, but unlike a square, its opposite sides can have different lengths. The opposite sides of a rectangle are still parallel, but only the adjacent sides have equal lengths.

Examples of Rectangle

  • A book
  • A whiteboard
  • A television screen

Uses of Rectangle

Rectangles have various practical applications, including:

  • Building walls and floors
  • Creating tables and frames
  • Designing computer screens and mobile devices

Differences between Square and Rectangle

Difference Area Square Rectangle
Number of Equal Sides Four equal sides Two pairs of equal sides
Angle Measures All angles are 90 degrees All angles are 90 degrees
Opposite Side Lengths Equal lengths May have different lengths
Diagonals Equal Unequal
Shape Always a square Varies (can be a square as well)
Special Cases A square is a special type of rectangle Rectangle does not have any special cases
Area Formula Area = side^2 Area = length * width
Perimeter Formula Perimeter = 4 * side Perimeter = 2 * (length + width)
Symmetry Has rotational symmetry of order 4 Does not have rotational symmetry
Use Cases Commonly used for simple design elements, like icons or logos More versatile for various practical applications, such as architecture and carpentry


In conclusion, squares and rectangles have several differences. Squares have four equal sides and angles, while rectangles have two pairs of equal sides and all angles equal to 90 degrees. Rectangles can have different side lengths, unlike squares. Their properties, formulas, and use cases also vary.

People Also Ask:

1. What is the main difference between a square and a rectangle?

The main difference is that a square has four equal sides and equal angles, while a rectangle has two pairs of equal sides and equal angles of 90 degrees.

2. Can a square be a rectangle?

Yes, a square is a special case of a rectangle where all sides are equal.

3. Are the diagonals of a square and rectangle equal?

The diagonals of a square are equal, whereas the diagonals of a rectangle are unequal.

4. Which shape has rotational symmetry, a square, or a rectangle?

A square has rotational symmetry of order 4, whereas a rectangle does not have rotational symmetry.

5. In what use cases is a rectangle more versatile compared to a square?

Rectangles are commonly used in architecture, carpentry, and other practical applications where different side lengths are required.

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