Difference between HTML vs XML

Difference Between HTML and XML

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In the era of Coding HTML and XML is the major doubt for everyone. Both are backend programming languages used for construction of the page structures and functionalities. Now lets find some of the basic differences but before that lets get brief introduction about both


HTML is a backend programming markup standard language for creating web pages. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup language. HTML describes the structure of a webpage and consists of a series of elements and these elements tells the browser how to display the content. 

HTML browser provides basic structure of the page upon which cascading style sheets are over laid to change its appearance. It also ensures the proper formatting of text and images for your internet browser and each page contains a series of connections to the other page called hyperlinks every page you see on the internet is written using one version of HTML code or the other. HTML creates a basic page in the web browser while CSS is used for giving more appearance and good look for the web page and JavaScript let the HTML and CSS more functionality.

HTML consists of different attributes and different elements which are used for different purposes and each have their own functionality.

Basic Structure of HTML:







     <h1> Structure</h1>

     <p>this is an example</p>



When you observe the above structure of the HTML you can observe that each element has to be opened in opentag “<>” and as to be closed with closing tag “</>”

The above structure will be shown in the web browser as follows:



This is an example.


XML is a software cum hardware independent tool which is used for storing and the transportation of the data. XML stands for Extensible Markup language. XML was designed to be self descriptive and was designed to store and transport data. It is a markup language same like HTML but have its own different functionality. The XML mainly focuses on the simplicity and usability of the internet. It is a textual data format with strong support of the design of the examiner focus on documents. The XML language is widely used for representation of the arbitrary data structures used in the web services.

Basic Structure of XML:




   <body>married together</body>



When you observe the above structure it is also written using opening and closing tags and it’s output will be as follows:


To: Surya

From: Afreen

Married together


Difference between HTML and XML:

HTML means Hypertext Markup Language XML means Extensible Markup Language
Type of Language
HTML is a predefined markup language XML is Framework markup language
HTML is case insensitive XML is case sensitive
HTML is content unaware XML is content aware
HTML does not check Syntax HTML does not check Syntax
Driven By
HTML is format driven XML is content driven
HTML is used for the presentation of the data XML is used for the transfer of the data
Coding Errors
In HTML small errors are ignored No coding errors are allowed in XML
Closing Tags
In HTML every tag does not require a closing tag In XML every tag requires a closing tag


Basically HTML and XML are mostly carried out by the engineering students who are working for the backend programming. In simple terms HTML designs the page structure and XML is used for storing and transporting the data. HTML and XML are the primary attributes to understand.

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